Here are some examples of modern databases and their unique features:
MongoDB: MongoDB is a document-oriented NoSQL database. It is designed to store and manage unstructured data in a flexible and scalable manner. MongoDB uses a JSON-like data model and supports dynamic schema design, which allows you to change the structure of your data on the fly.
Cassandra: Cassandra is a distributed NoSQL database designed to handle large amounts of data across multiple servers. It is highly scalable and fault-tolerant, and is often used in big data applications. Cassandra's data model is based on a column-family structure, which allows for flexible schema design and fast data retrieval.
Redis: Redis is an in-memory data structure store that can be used as a database, cache, and message broker. It is designed for high-performance applications that require low latency and high throughput. Redis supports a wide range of data structures, including strings, lists, sets, and hashes.
Amazon DynamoDB: DynamoDB is a fully managed NoSQL database service provided by Amazon Web Services. It is designed to handle any scale of data, from a few hundred gigabytes to petabytes. DynamoDB uses a key-value data model and is highly available and durable.
Google Bigtable: Bigtable is a distributed NoSQL database designed for large-scale data processing. It is used by many Google services, including Google Search, Google Maps, and YouTube. Bigtable's data model is based on a sparse, distributed, multidimensional sorted map, which allows for fast and efficient data retrieval.
PostgreSQL: PostgreSQL is an open-source relational database management system. It is designed to handle complex data types and large amounts of data. PostgreSQL supports advanced features such as nested transactions, table partitioning, and full-text search.
Microsoft SQL Server: SQL Server is a relational database management system developed by Microsoft. It is designed to run on Windows operating systems and is often used in enterprise applications. SQL Server supports features such as clustering, replication, and data warehousing.
Oracle Database: Oracle Database is a relational database management system developed by Oracle Corporation. It is used by many enterprise applications and is designed to handle large amounts of data. Oracle Database supports advanced features such as partitioning, clustering, and backup and recovery.